Front End vs. Back End Key Differences 3 Front End vs. Back End Key Differences
Review: -1 - Front End vs. Back End Key Differences

Probably you have heard about full-stack development which is not the only existing method for creating applications and websites. Many programmers still choose a traditional approach to web development: front end and back end. 

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The front guarantees that the interface of the app or website will meet the standards of the market and the expectations of the users. The back is everything hidden behind the screens, namely everything that happens on the server-side.

In order to provide a sufficient experience of using the app or a website, it’s crucial to implement both ‘ends’. Nevertheless, the technologies behind each of them are different. Depending on the company’s purposes, qualities you want to get, and the technical performances, the front, and back end stack will be not the same.

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Most popular programming languages among developers worldwide.

We are moving to cover the basic data to know about the front end vs the back end. Here’s the checklist of the queries you’ll be capable to answer after reading our post:

  1. What are frontend languages and frameworks?
  2. What are the technologies used for frontend development?
  3. What is backend technology?
  4. What are the backend languages, frameworks?
  5. What are the techniques used for the backend?
  6. What are the main differences between these two technologies?
  7. What are the duties of frontend and backend developers?

In spite of you are thinking of creating a website or app, you must know this data to be able to make conscious decisions and hire experts who will support you to reach the results. 

What is Frontend Development?

The front end is concentrated on the client and works on the client side. It means that all that a customer can see on your website is front end development. All the elements and features, as well as visual elements like fonts and colors, are achieved due to the implementation of frontend frameworks and languages. 

The basic list of the website or app elements covered by frontend development normally looks so:

  • Content organization 
  • Buttons
  • Layouts
  • Navigation
  • Images and graphics 
  • Animations

Frontend languages and frameworks

In order to design a functional and attractive visual of the website or app, frontend development operates with specific languages and frameworks. So, these are the most widespread languages:

  • HTML

It helps structure website or app pages. With the help of HTML, you can add tables, bullet points, images, etc. All in all, HTML is used to deliver the content in the most attractive way to the customer. 

According to Statista, HTML along with CSS are the second most popular languages used by developers.

  • CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (or CSS) have much in common with HTML. In fact, it uses HTML to create a visual layout of the page: colors, fonts, and page adaptivity to different devices and browsers.

  • JavaScript

Unlike HTML and CSS, JS not only presents the visuals of the elements but also works with the data. It is implemented so that the customer could manipulate the objects, and the server could receive information about these manipulations.

By deployment type, JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the world.

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Top 10 programming languages used by software developers worldwide by deployment type.

Frontend development is not limited to the languages only but also uses frameworks for sufficient productivity and faster development of certain elements. And there are the most widespread frameworks:

  • ReactJS

ReactJS is one of the most popular front frameworks used by over 40% of developers to create single-page apps. Like other frameworks, it assists in creating UI reusable components, which help simplify the app-building function.

  • jQuery

This framework is the solution implemented by developers when there’s a need to add extra functions to the website or application.

  • Angular

One of the leading frameworks helping to create single-page applications and complex apps for different industries. Angular is known for its great performance regarding dynamic animated interfaces.

Technologies used for frontend development

Front techniques are employed to make easily the method of website or app creation. Nowadays, the technologies help complete the processes as easily and fast as possible; thus, they are widely used among creators.

When comparing front end vs backend, we see that they have a common list. For example, frontend regularly uses the following ones:

  • libraries
  • package managers
  • build systems
  • testing tools
  • version control systems
  • tools for cashing
  • deployment software

So, these points are almost similar for front end and back end development, although there are some differences that we will mention below.

What is Backend Development?

When comparing front end back end development, we should always remember: back end is everything that we cannot see right on the website or app. Back end development is everything that is happening on the server-side.

The back tech is more complex as it works with the processed and received data. And if something doesn’t work correctly, the website or application won’t meet the user’s expectations. For instance, a customer is ordering service on the website. They push the Order button, but the data is not sent to the server. Therefore, the information cannot be processed.

Backend languages and frameworks

There is no contrast between the front end and back end when it comes to the implementation of different languages and frameworks. Both are doing that. However, the list of them will be different:

  • Java

Object-oriented and platform-independent language.

  • Ruby

Object-oriented dynamic typing language, known for its flexibility.

  • Python

An extensive and integrable programming language with an amazing standard library.

Back tech uses techniques to facilitate the development cycle and supply programmers with all the needed data. Furthermore, here are several of the most overall:

  • JavaScript – Express.js and Spring for Java
  • Ruby – Ruby on Rails
  • Python – Django and Flask for Python

Technologies used for backend development

We have already answered the question ​​’What is front end and back end technologies?’, but now let’s focus on the specific technologies used by back end development:

  • Containerisation tools that help to scale apps and facilitate the process of deployment
  • APIs that help to communicate with the system 
  • Databases needed for sufficient performance of the app
  • Search engines that provide fast analysis of the code

Main Differences Between Frontend and Backend

What’s the difference between frontend and backend? Even though they are working to serve one purpose – creating a website or app, they cover different needs and implement additional technologies.

  • They cover different needs

Front end development’s main goal is to make the ‘face’ of the website or app look great. Back end development is accountable for satisfactory work of data and server.

  • They use different languages

By reading this article, you have already noticed that back end vs front end implement different languages and frameworks. The back end hardly ever uses HTML, while the front end can hardly use Python.

  • They have a huge difference in prices

We haven’t discussed the pricing yet, but this is one of the key differences between front end and back end development. According to Glassdoor, an average front end developer’s salary is $87,240, while an average back end developer’s salary is about $94,455. It means that front development will cost less than the back end.

Frontend developer vs backend developer: job description and key responsibilities

If you are planning to hire a front-end or back-end developer, you have to comprehend how their obligations will differ. In our comparative table, you will find the basic data that will help you catch all the differences:

Front end developer Back end developer
Implementation of designs Building and maintaining websites and applications
Working with content structure Managing hosting environments
Analysis of frontend performance of the app or website Working with databases
Adding multiple elements to the front of your app or website Troubleshooting
Frameworks  Using frameworks 

Do you want to create your own website? – Feel free to contact us!

Implementing both front-end and back-end technologies is equally necessary for a sufficient website or app. Nevertheless, there’s no need to hire in-house developers if you are planning to launch a site or mobile application. Fireart is your growth companion: we will help you with any type of development. Feel free to contact us any time you keep any queries!


Website or app creation normally consists of 2 classes: front and back end. Front-end technology is everything that your clients have in front, while the back-end is all that happens with the data your clients send.

In order to create an effective website or app, it’s significant to make sure that both the front and back of your website function perfectly and flawlessly. 

Fortunately, there’s always an option to delegate these processes to professionals. The Fireart team is always ready to create any kind of project or app you may need choosing the multiple efficient stacks and the latest programming methods.


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