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What technology stack do you need for your business? Let’s define the key technologies used to create websites and apps and find answers to all questions regarding technologies needed for a successful project.

Do you run a small or medium business? Or maybe you are the owner of an enterprise? No matter how big your business is, you still need a website.

As Paul Cookson once said, ‘Websites promote you 24/7: No employee will do that.’

Indeed, a website can be a smart tool for business development. But here’s the question: what web stack is needed to make a site that satisfies your clients’ needs and helps you reach business goals?

An average Internet user would say that a website is a visual representation of products or services provided by the company. However, there is a technology behind the visuals. Technologies define how a website or app works, what features it may have, as well as its effectiveness. At this point, the web development stack appears on the scene

In this article, we are going to reveal all secrets of the best stack for web development, and additionally describe how frontend and backend technology differentiate, explain what you should pay attention to when choosing a web technology stack, and give you an overview of web tech stacks we implemented our successful projects.

What is Technology Stack for Web Development

To start with, let’s define what a technology stack for web development means. Web development is a process that consists of several equally important steps, divided into two big groups: frontend (client-side) and backend (server-side). All the libraries, frameworks, programming languages, tools, databases, and software used in the process create a web stack. Generally, this is a custom solution for creating a project.

Web Technology Stack: How To Choose The Right One 16
Source: Yalantis

The best technology stack for web applications is the one that suits company business goals. Even though it may seem that it’s enough to copy the stack of another company for your own business, in reality, this won’t bring you an effective result. The matter is that different tools work differently for different goals. So something that brings the results to one company will be absolutely useless for another.

In some cases, the project needs a limited number of tools to be successful. In other cases, the number of tools is huge and requires hiring several teams. Therefore, to implement the most suitable web application stack, consider all the options. Surely, you might need some help, and we’re here to provide you with basic info that will help you make up your mind. 

Frontend Technology Stack

The frontend technology stack for web applications, also called client-side technologies, is what users see when they open your website or app. It is mainly responsible for user interaction, and it’s where the communication with clients starts.  An effective frontend consists of certain components. Their choice will depend on the goals you have and expectations from your website or web application. In general, the frontend technology stack for web applications consists of HTML, CSS, JS but is not limited to these. Moreover, recently the developers have started to use other frontend frameworks, and the results are impressive.

So let’s try to understand how these technologies differ and why developers prefer to use them for client-side technologies.

  • HTML is used to control the structure of the information on the website. 
  • CSS is used to control the styles of information, like fonts, colors, etc.
  • JS is used to manage website features.

The list of frontend development services may also include these frameworks:

  • AngularJS  which is used for dynamic web applications and scalable websites
  • React used for dynamic 1-page apps
    Vue.js used to create interfaces that easily adapt

The overall set of tools of the best technology stack for web development contains various technologies that change depending on the type of web application you may need.

Backend Technology Stack

Backend web application technology stack, also known as server-side development, is responsible for how the web application works. As well as frontend technology, the backend consists of several components, each equally important for the overall result.

  • The programming language 

The goal and the size of your project will determine the choice of the programming languages. In some complex cases, a combination of different languages is used to reach the expected results.

Currently, the developers prefer to choose these programming languages:

  • JavaScript is known for great speed, regular updates, various functions, and impressive libraries
  • Python is loved for well-structured code and used for creating web and desktop apps
  • Java is an object-oriented language that is easily manageable

 In 2021, the list of the most popular programming languages looks like this:

Web Technology Stack: How To Choose The Right One 17
Source: Statista
  • Database

used to store all the data of the website or application. In 2021, the list of the most popular databases is as following:

Web Technology Stack: How To Choose The Right One 18
Source: Statista
  • Server

used to process requests. The most popular servers are Nginx and Apache.

Backend development services may also include an operating system, hosting, storage, and web development frameworks.

Points to Consider When Choosing a Technology Stack

How to choose a technology stack for web application development? It may be a tricky question if you have never worked with development stacks previously. As a rule, inexperienced managers prefer to choose the technologies used by their competitors, rely on their own, rather biased preferences, or use the information they found online. 

Web Technology Stack: How To Choose The Right One 19
Source: LightIT

Below, we will describe the points that will help to make a well-considered decision. Such an approach to creating a web stack will never bring the expected results. Before you even start to think about technologies, you first need to understand what points should determine your choice.

Project Size

The size of the project is one of the key aspects that predetermine the usage of different web stack technologies. You need to clearly understand that small websites and apps will not require as many tools as huge enterprise websites. Below, we will describe to you the basic differences in web stacks depending on the size of the projects.

  • Simple web applications and websites

These websites and apps do not require extra modules and libraries for development and can easily be built with a basic set of tools. As a rule, these products belong to startups and small businesses.

  • Medium-size web applications and websites

They require additional frameworks in their development. For example, these are online stores or service websites.

  • Complex web applications and websites

These cannot be created by using a basic set of tools. Instead, they require additional technologies, like libraries, servers, and databases. Moreover, to provide a full scope of services, complex apps and websites may be created with different programming languages simultaneously

Defining The Requirements Of Your Projects

As we have already mentioned, the web stack for a website or app will mainly depend on your goals and requirements. If you plan to launch a single-page website with dynamic information, you need to use a stack that will help you reach these goals. In this case, the scope of technologies will differ from the one used to create an online store or a new social network.

Also, we will recommend you to be careful with the development and maintenance costs. Obviously, young businesses should select a stack that will not cost a fortune. It is better to opt for popular and effective technologies that guarantee a good result than experiment with pricy development in many cases. Reducing costs is possible with the right selection of technologies.

What staff do you need for the development? Hiring one developer is not enough, even for simple projects. And if you are aiming to launch a complex project, you need to hire a team of developers. Of course, this will also reflect the costs of the project. 

Depending on your goals, time, and budget, you will be able to decide whether you need custom solutions or it’s better to use open-source features.

Time to Market

It’s a rare situation when a business is ready to wait for months when the right technology appears or when the developers find perfect features for the website or application. However, we need the results here and now, and it’s vital to keep that in mind during the development.

Business owners want to launch their products as soon as possible to validate their ideas and attract first customers. Therefore, when developing a project, it’s always better to choose ready-made features.

As a rule, any programming language or a framework has libraries with a huge choice of options. A professional developer will find the perfect option for you, saving the time of developing and helping you to launch sooner. 

There’s no need to create a custom solution in many cases, especially if these features are used in different projects. Instead, 3-rd party integration helps to accelerate the process and get the first results.

Scalability

Even though it’s important to launch the product as soon as possible, it is crucial to remember the expected growth of your business and your online representation. 

For example, now you are a startup, but you plan to scale your business in 2 years. So it’s better to choose a web development stack that presupposes scaling. It works in the following way: it should be possible to add new units to your server or database, the technologies should handle hundreds of users and thousands of them, etc.

Also, it’s vital to understand how exactly you are planning to scale your business. The matter is that the pack of technologies used to process more requests from your country will differ from the technologies used to process more requests from various countries. Therefore, use your business development plan as a tool to understand the kind of technologies you need.

Security

Currently, the security of the website or application is one of the main concerns. Users leave their information on your website, and it’s vital to keep it protected. Just imagine the situation that you are running an e-commerce website with weak security and hackers steal sensitive data from your clients. The consequences might be devastating.

To avoid such situations, when choosing a web stack, you need to make sure it’s safe. Therefore, we would recommend you to use the following tips:

  • use API for all interactions with website or app
  • implement token-based access to API
  • backup all information

All in all, you should always implement as many options as possible to ensure your users’ top-level safety.

Web Tech Stacks of Our Successful Projects

We believe that any business requires a customized approach. Therefore, before we start to work on the development, we interview our clients to understand their expectations. In this way, both sides have a clear vision of the result, and we start to work closely, trying to reach the same goals.

Here are some of the examples of the web stack solutions we developed for our clients.

Databox

Databox provides consulting services and expertise for building and implementing large-scale distributed reactive back-end systems to process massive large-scale datasets.

For Databox, we developed data pipelines that enable large-scale AI & ML modeling for data scientists and data engineers in an organization. Also, it helps to cut down the time needed to produce a model and therefore increases overall data strategy ROI.

Tasty

Tasty provides step-by-step instructions for cooking and keeps the mobile screen awake till you cook. For Tasty, we developed an application with an integrated online store, interactive cooking guides (including videos), detailed used profile (allowing to see detailed cooking progress).

Diabetes Control

Developing an application for people with diabetes. An app helps to log blood glucose, calculate meals glycemic and the amount of insulin needed to process the food. All calculations are made based on user personal information. For our project, we use different technologies, and our overall web stack includes:

  • React js development
  • Node.JS development
  • React Native development
  • React Native/app development
  • VUE/web development
  • Angular development
  • .NET development
  • Java Script
  • Swift development

Conclusion

The choice of web stack technology will have a huge effect on your overall results. Complex projects require a different approach from single projects. At the same time, in many cases, a simple project should have a space to scale. The combination of technologies can bring you to success or become a huge problem that will require your time, effort, and money.

We believe that any manager or business owner should have a clear understanding of the process of web stack choice and processing. Here are several tips you may use:

  • Be clear with specifications

It’s always beneficial both to the business and developers to have clear specifications of the project. In this way, the developers can estimate the time and budgets and plan your costs.

  • Start with MVP

Before you start to develop a complex project full of customized features, it’s better to start with a landing page just to test whether your product or service is in demand. 

  • Do not ignore ready-made options 

Frequently, we think that ready-made solutions provided by libraries cannot replace a customized option we create specifically for our business. However, businesses need the same set of functions in most cases, and all of them have already been developed. Therefore, it will be better to spend time on developing unique features than to create a new calendar option.

  • Cut costs

If you can save on some services, don’t hesitate to do that. For example, you can cut costs in hosting solutions. You just need to find services that provide various options for clients. Also, pay attention to flexible pricing, as sometimes you pay for the services you don’t use.

  • Remember about future

When you select a web stack, you need to remember that the technologies you use now should be proven by time, as your app or site will exist for several years. You will need to maintain it, add some new features, change UX or UI, and it should not be a problem for you to find developers who work with your stack.

Of course, it seems reasonable to have a team inside your company responsible for all website updates and changes. But let’s be honest: frequently, a business doesn’t need in-house developers. It’s always better to work with a team of outsourcing professionals who do all the job for you.

If you are not sure you can decide on a web stack on your own, we at Fireart Studio are ready to help you. Leave us a message or give us a call to discuss your web stack for the next project. We’re sure together we will create a web application that will help your business grow faster. 


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